What's new inQuantum Hardware of Living MatterNote: Newest contributions are at the top! 
Year 2008 
Connection between laser induced healing, acupuncture, and association of DC currents with the healing of woundsThe findings of Robert Becker (the book "Electromagnetism and Life" by Becker and Marino can be found from web) meant a breakthrough in the development of bioelectromagnetics. One aspect of bioelectromagnetic phenomena was the discovery of Becker that DC currents and voltages play a pivotal role in various regeneration processes. Why this is the case is still poorly understood and Becker's book is a treasure trove for anyone ready to challenge existing dogmas. The general vision guiding Becker can be summarized by a citation from the introduction of the book.
Growth effects include the alteration of bone growth by electromagnetic energy, the restoration of partial limb regeneration in mammals by small direct currents, the inhibition of growth of implanted tumors by currents and fields, the effect upon cephalocaudal axis development in the regenerating flatworm in a polaritydependent fashion by applied direct currents, and the production of morphological alterations in embryonic development by manipulation of the electrochemical species present in the environment. This partial list illustrates the great variety of known bioelectromagnetic phenomena. 1. Observations relating to CNS The following more quantitative findings, many of them due to Becker, are of special interest as one tries to understand the role of DC currents in TGD framework.
2. Observations relating to regeneration The second class of experiments used artificial electrical currents to enhance regeneration of body parts. These currents are nowadays used in clinical practice to induce healing or retard tumor growth. Note that tissue regeneration is a genuine regeneration of an entire part of organism rather than mere simple cell replication. Salamander limb generation is one of the most studied examples. Spontaneous regeneration becomes rare at higher evolutionary levels and for humans it occurs spontaneously only in the fractures of long bones.
3. A TGD based model for the situation On basis of these observations one can try to develop a unified view about the effects of laser light, acupuncture, and DC currents. It is perhaps appropriate to start with the following  somewhat leading  questions inspired by a strong background prejudice that the healing process  with control signals from CNS included  utilizes the loading of manysheeted metabolic batteries by supra currents as a basic mechanism. In the case of control signals the energy would go to the "moving of the control knob".
Consider next NEJs and semiconductor like behavior and charging of metabolic batteries.
For background see that chapter The New Physics Behind Qualia.

Direct support for universal metabolic energy quantaThere is direct support for the notion of universal energy quanta. The first support comes from the effect of lowpower laser light on living matter. More than 30 years ago a method known with various names such as lowpower laser therapy, biostimulation, or photo biomodulation emerged [1] and has now a wide range of applications. The treatment can apply both noncoherent (light emitting diodes) or coherent (laser light). In the case of of noncoherent light the method applies thin structures with thickness smaller than coherence length of light so that there is no difference between noncoherent and laser light. Laser light applies to situation when both the thickness of the surface layer and structure itself in range 1 mm 1 cm and shorter than coherence length. Often the irradiation is applied to wounds and sites of injuries, acupuncture points, and muscle trigger points. The method involves several parameters such as wavelength in the range 400900 nm (IR and near IR light), output power (10100 mW), continuous wave and pulsed operation modes, and pulse parameters. 1. What is known? The article of Tiina Karu [1] gives a brief summary about what is known.
2. Biochemical approach In [1] the biochemical approach to the situation is discussed.
3. TGD inspired approach In TGD framework the first guess is that irradiation pumps directly metabolic energy to the system by kicking p"../articles/ to smaller spacetime sheets. This kind of direct energy feed would be natural when the cell is starving or injured so that its control mechanisms responsible for the utilization of oxygen are not working properly. For BoseEinstein condensate of photons this effect would be especially strong being proportional to N^{2} rather than N, where N is photon number. The effect would also appear coherently in a region whose size is dictated by coherence length when the target is thick enough. There is a simple killer test for the proposal. The predicted energies are universal in the approximation that the interactions of protons (or electrons) kicked to the smaller spacetime sheets with other p"../articles/ can be neglected. The precise scale of metabolic energy quanta can be fixed by using the nominal value of metabolic energy quantum .5 eV in case of proton. This predicts the following spectrum of universal energy quanta for proton Δ E_{k,n}(p)= E_{0}(k,p)× (12^{n}) , E_{0}(k,p)= E_{0}(137,p)2^{137k}≈ 2^{137k}× .5 eV . and following for electron Δ E_{k,n}(e)= E_{0}(k,e)× (12^{n}) , E_{0}(k,e) =\frac{m_{p}}{2^{11}m_{e}} E_{0}(137,p)2^{148k}≈ 2^{148k}× .4 eV . k characterizes the padic length scale and the transition corresponds to the kicking of charged particle from spacetime sheet having k_{1}=k+n to k=n. The shortest wavelength 630 nm is rather close to the wavelength of HeNe laser and corresponds to red light with E_{0}= 2.00 eV. Thus one would have k=135 in the case of proton which corresponds to roughly one of atomic radius for ordinary value of \hbar. For electron one would have k=150 which corresponds to L(151)/2^{1/2}: L(151)=10 nm corresponds to cell membrane thickness. This table gives the energies of photons for action spectrum and predicted values in the case of proton, which provides a better fit to the data. The largest error is 7 per cent and occurs for n=3 transition. Other errors are below 3 per cent. Note that also in experiments of Gariaev [2,3] laser light consisting of 2 eV photons was used: in this case the induced radio wave photons  possibly dark photons with energy 2 eV  were reported to have a positive effect on the growth of potatoes. 4. Possible explanation for the effect of IR light on brain The exposure of brain to IR light at wavelength of 1072 nm is known to improve learning performance and give kick start to cognitive function [4]. The simplest explanation is that this light reloads the metabolic energy batteries of neurons by kicking electrons or protons or their Cooper pairs to larger spacetime sheets. The wavelength in question is roughly one half of the wavelength associated with metabolic energy quantum with average energy .5 eV (2480 μm) assignable to the dropping of proton to a very large spacetime sheet from k=137 spacetime sheet or of electron from k=137+11= 148 spacetime sheet. This if the electron and proton are approximated to be free p"../articles/. Energy band is in question since both the p"../articles/ can have additional interaction energy. For the kicking of electron from very large spacetime sheet to k=147 spacetime sheet the wave length would be below 1240 nm which is more than 10 per cent longer than 1072 nm. This would suggest that the final state electron is in excited state. The surplus energy is consistent with the width about 100 nm for the UIBs. This identification  if correct  would support the view that metabolic energy quanta are universal and have preceded the evolution of the biochemical machinery associated with metabolism and that the loading of metabolic energy batteries at the fundamental level correspond to the kicking of charged p"../articles/ to smaller spacetime sheets.
For background see that chapter The New Physics Behind Qualia. References [1] T. I. Karu (1998), {\em The Science of LowPower Laser Therapy}, Gordon and Breach, Sci. Publ., London. T. I. Karu, Cellular mechanisms of Lowpower Laser Therapy (photobiomodulation), [2] P. P. Gariaev et al (2002), The spectroscopy of biophotons in nonlocal genetic regulation , Journal of NonLocality and Remote Mental Interactions, Vol 1, Nr 3. [3] P. Gariaev et al (2000), The DNAwavebiocomputer, CASYS'2000, Fourth International Conference on Computing Anticipatory Systems, Liege, 2000. Abstract Book, Ed. M. Dubois. [4]New research could help to reverse the biological clock for dementia patents".

TGD assigns 10 Hz biorhythm to electron as an intrinsic frequency scalepAdic coupling constant evolution and origins of padic length scale hypothesis have remained for a long time poorly understood. The progress made in the understanding of the Smatrix of the theory (or rather, its generalization Mmatrix) (see this) has however changed the situation. The unexpected prediction is that zero energy ontology assigns to elementary p"../articles/ macroscopic times scales. In particular, the time scale assignable to electron correspond to the fundamental biorhythm of 10 Hz. 1. Mmatrix and coupling constant evolution The final breakthrough in the understanding of padic coupling constant evolution came through the understanding of Smatrix, or actually Mmatrix defining entanglement coefficients between positive and negative energy parts of zero energy states in zero energy ontology (see this). Mmatrix has interpretation as a "complex square root" of density matrix and thus provides a unification of thermodynamics and quantum theory. Smatrix is analogous to the phase of Schrödinger amplitude multiplying positive and real square root of density matrix analogous to modulus of Schrödinger amplitude. The notion of finite measurement resolution realized in terms of inclusions of von Neumann algebras allows to demonstrate that the irreducible components of Mmatrix are unique and possesses huge symmetries in the sense that the hermitian elements of included factor N subset M} defining the measurement resolution act as symmetries of Mmatrix, which suggests a connection with integrable quantum field theories. It is also possible to understand coupling constant evolution as a discretized evolution associated with time scales T_{n}, which come as octaves of a fundamental time scale: T_{n}=2^{i}T_{0}. Number theoretic universality requires that renormalized coupling constants are rational or at most algebraic numbers and this is achieved by this discretization since the logarithms of discretized mass scale appearing in the expressions of renormalized coupling constants reduce to the form log(2^{i})=nlog(2) and with a proper choice of the coefficient of logarithm log(2) dependence disappears so that rational number results. 2. pAdic coupling constant evolution Could the time scale hierarchy T_{n}= 2^{i}T_{0} defining hierarchy of measurement resolutions in time variable induce padic coupling constant evolution and explain why padic length scales correspond to L_{p} propto p^{1/2}R, p≈ 2^{k}, R CP^{2} length scale? This looks attractive but there is a problem. pAdic length scales come as powers of 2^{1/2} rather than 2 and the strongly favored values of k are primes and thus odd so that n=k/2 would be half odd integer. This problem can be solved.
3. pAdic length scale hypothesis and biology The basic implication of zero energy ontology is the formula T(k)≈ 2^{k/2}L(k)/c= L(2,k)/c. This would be the analog of E=hf in quantum mechanics and together hierarchy of Planck constants would imply direct connection between elementary particle physics and macroscopic physics. Especially important this connection would be in macroscopic quantum systems, say for Bose Einstein condensates of Cooper pairs, whose signature the rhythms with T(k) as period would be. The presence of this kind of rhythms might even allow to deduce the existence of BoseEinstein condensates of hitherto unknown p"../articles/.
For background see that chapter New Physics and Qualia of "Quantum Hardware of Living Matter".
