What's new inBioSystems as Conscious HologramsNote: Newest contributions are at the top! 
Year 2010 
The arrow of time and self reference of consciousness
The understanding of the relationship between experienced time whose chronon is identified as quantum and geometric time has remained one of the most difficult challenges of TGD inspired theory of consciousness. Second difficult problem is self referentiablity of consciouness. One should understand the asymmetry between positive and negative energies and between two directions of geometric time at the level of conscious experience, the correspondence between experienced and geometric time, and the emergence of the arrow of time. One should explain why human sensory experience is about a rather narrow time interval of about .1 seconds and why memories are about the interior of much larger CD with time scale of order life time. One should have a vision about the evolution of consciousness: how quantum leaps leading to an expansion of consciousness occur. Negative energy signals to geometric past  about which phase conjugate laser light represents an example  provide an attractive tool to realize intentional action as a signal inducing neural activities in the geometric past (this would explain Libet's classical findings), a mechanism of remote metabolism, and the mechanism of declarative memory as communications with geometric past. One should understand how these signals are realized in zero energy ontology and why their occurrence is so rare. In the following I try to demonstrate that TGD inspired theory of consciousness and quantum TGD proper indeed are in tune. I have talked about these problems already earlier and the motivation for this posting is that the discussions with Stephen Paul King in Time discussion group led to a further progress in the understanding of this issues. What I understand now much better is how the self referentiality of consciousness is realized. Spacetime and imbedding space correlates for selves Quantum jump as a moment of consciousness, self as a sequence of quantum jumps integrating to self, and self hierarchy with subselves experienced as mental images, are the basic notions of TGD inspired theory of consciousness. In the most ambitious vision self hierarchy reduces to a fractal hierarchy of quantum jumps within quantum jumps. Quantum classical correspondence demands selves to have spacetime correlates both at the level of spacetime and imbedding space. At the level of spacetime the first guess for the correlates is as lightlike or spacelike 3surfaces. If one believes on effective 2dimensionality and quantum holography, partonic 2surfaces plus their 4D tangent space distribution would code the information about the spacetime correlates. By quantum classical correspondence one can also identify spacetime sheets as the correlates modulo the gauge degeneracy implied by superconformal symmetries. It is natural to interpret CDs as correlates of selves at the level of the imbedding space. CDs can be interpreted either as subsets of the generalized imbedding space or as sectors of WCW. Accordingly, selves correspond to CDs of the generalized imbedding space or sectors of WCW, literally separate interacting quantum Universes. The spiritually oriented reader might speak of Gods. Subselves correspond to subCDs geometrically. The contents of consciousness of self is about the interior of the corresponding CD at the level of imbedding space. For subselves the wave function for the position of tip of CD brings in the delocalization of subWCW. The fractal hierarchy of CDs within CDs is the geometric counterpart for the hierarchy of selves: the quantization of the time scale of planned action and memory as T(k)= 2^{k}T_{0} suggest an interpretation for the fact that we experience octaves as equivalent in music experience. Why sensory experience is about so short time interval? CD picture implies automatically the 4D character of conscious experience and memories form part of conscious experience even at elementary particle level. Amazingly, the secondary padic time scale of electron is T=0.1 seconds defining a fundamental time scale in living matter. The problem is to understand why the sensory experience is about a short time interval of geometric time rather than about the entire personal CD with temporal size of order lifetime. The explanation would be that sensory input corresponds to subselves (mental images) with T≈ .1 s at the upper lightlike boundary of CD in question. This requires a strong asymmetry between upper and lower lightlike boundaries of CDs. The localization of the contents of the sensory experience to the upper lightcone boundary and local arrow of time could emerge as a consequence of selforganization process involving conscious intentional action. SubCDs would be in the interior of CD and selforganization process would lead to a distribution of CDs concentrated near the upper or lower boundary of CD. The local arrow of geometric time would depend on CD and even differ for CD and subCDs.
Arrow of time TGD forces a new view about the relationship between experienced and geometric time. Although the basic paradox of quantum measurement theory disappears the question about the arrow of geometric time remains. There are actually two times involved. The geometric time assignable to the spacetime sheets and the M^{4} time assignable to the imbedding space. Consider first the the geometric time assignable to the spacetime sheets.
The mechanism of self reference Self reference is perhaps the most mysterious aspect of conscious experience. When formulated in somewhat loose manner self reference states that self can be conscious about being conscious of something. When trying to model this ability in say computer paradigm one is easily led to infinite regress. In TGD framework a weaker form of self referentiality holds true: self can become conscious that it was conscious of something in previous quantum jump(s). Self reference therefore reduces to memory. Infinite regress is replaced with evolution recreating Universe again and again and adding new reflective levels of consciousness. It is however essential to have also the experience that memory is in question in order to have self reference. This knowledge implies that a reflective level is in question. The mechanism of self reference would reduce to the ability to code information about quantum jump into the geometry and topology of the spacetime surface. This representation defines an analog of written text which can be read if needed: memory recall is this reading process. The existence of this kind of representations means quantum classical correspondence in a generalized sense: not only quantum states but also quantum jump sequences responsible for conscious experience can be coded to the spacetime geometry. The reading of this text induces selforganization process regenerating the original conscious experience or at least some aspects of it (say verbal representation of it). The failure of strict classical determinism for Kähler action is absolutely essential for the possibility to realize quantum classical correspondence in this sense. Consider now the problem of coding conscious experience to spacetime geometry and topology so that it can be read again in memory recall. Let us first list what I believe to know about memories.

A model for qualia and sensory receptorsI am continung the updating the books about TGD inspired theory of consciousness. I just finished the chapter about quantum model of hearing certainly the ugliest duckling in the flock represented by the books about TGD and TGD inspired theory of consciousness. The key idea was inspired by a model of photoreceptors. The question was whether nearly vacuum extremals of Kähler action for which parity breaking is large due to the presence of classical Z^{0} field might explain chiral selection in living matter and provide model for a sensory receptor and even cell membrane spacetime sheet in general as a critical system. The completely unexpected discovery was that the peak frequencies of photoreceptors coincide with Josephson frequencies of the 4 biologically most important ions in the effective membrane potential containing also Z^{0} contribution provided the value of Weinberg angle is sin^{2}(θ_{W})=.0295. After this observation the ideas started to flow rapidly and it took two weeks to build a reasonably stable general picture.
I attach below part of the abstract of Quantum Model of Hearing. The material about the model for qualia can be also found from General Theory of Qualia. The quantum model of hearing has evolved through several twists and turns. The emergence of zero energy ontology, the explanation of dark matter in terms of a hierachy of Planck constants requiring a generalization of the notion of imbedding space, the view about life as something in the intersection of real and padic worlds, and the notion of number theoretic entanglement negentropy led to the breakthrough in TGD inspired quantum biology and also to the recent view of qualia and sensory representations including hearing allowing a precise quantitative model at the level of cell membrane. This also modified dramatically the speculative ideas about the role of neutrinos in hearing. Also in the recent view long range weak play a key role. They are made possible by the exotic ground state represented as almost vacuum extremal of Kähler action for which classical em and Z^{0} fields are proportional to each other wheras for standard ground state classical Z^{0} fields are very weak. Neutrinos are present but it seems that they do not define cognitive representations in the time scales characterizing neural activity. Electrons and quarks for which the time scales of causal diamonds correspond to fundamental biorhythms, take this role. The ensuing general model of how cell membrane acts as a sensory receptor has unexpected implications for the entire TGD inspired view about biology.
For background see the chapter General Theory of Qualia.
