Three unexpected findings in hadron and nuclear physics from TGD point of view

During the same week I learned about 3 unexpected findings related to hadron- and nuclear physics. This inspired 3 articles and a chapter to one of the books about TGD.

The asymmetry of antimatter in proton

The recent experiments of Dove et al (see this and this) confirm that the antiquark sea is asymmmetric in the sense that the ratio anti-d/anti-u is larger than unity. A model assuming that proton is part of time in a state consisting of neutron and virtual pion seems to fit at qualitative level into the picture.

The TGD based model relies on the already existing picture developed by taking seriously the so called X boson as 17.5 MeV particle and the empirical evidence for scaled down variants of pion predicted by TGD. Virtual mesons are replaced with real on mass shell mesons but with p-adically scaled down mass, and low energy strong interactions at the hadronic and nuclear level are described topologically in terms of reconnections of flux tubes.

See the article a The asymmetry of antimatter in proton from TGD point of view.

The strange decays of heavy nuclei

That final state nuclei from the fission of heavy nuclei possess a rather high spin has been known since the discovery of nuclear fission 80 years ago but has remained poorly understood. The recent surprising findings by Wilson et al (see this) was that the final state angular momenta for the final state nuclei are uncorrelated and must therefore emerge after the decays.

The TGD proposal is that the generation of angular momentum is a kind of self-organization process. Zero energy ontology (ZEO) and heff hierarchy indeed predicts self-organization in all scales. Self-organization involves energy feed needed to increase heff/h0= n serving as a measure for algebraic complexity and as a kind of universal IQ in the number theoretical vision about cognition based on adelic physics.

The final state nuclei have angular momenta 6-7 hbar. This suggests that self-organization increases the values of heff to nh, n∈ {6,7}. Quantization of angular momentum with new unit of spin would force the generation of large spins. Zero energy ontology (ZEO) provides a new element to the description of self-organization and a model for quantum tunnelling phenomenon.

See the article The decays of heavy nuclei as support for nuclear string model .

The strange findings of Eric Reiter challenging basic quantum measurement theory

Eric Reiter (see this) has studied the behavior of gamma-rays emitted by heavy nuclei going through two detectors in tandem. Quantum theory predicts that only one detector fires. It is however found that both detectors fire with the  same  pulse height and firings are causally related. The pulse height  depends on wavelength and distance between the source and detector and also on  the chemistry of the source, which does not conform with the assumption that nuclear physics and chemistry decouple from each other.    Reiter has made analogous experiments also with alpha particles with the same conclusion. These findings pose a challenge for TGD, and in this article a TGD based model for the findings is developed.

See the article TGD based intepretations for the strange findings of Eric Reiter.

The TGD view about these 3 findings is described in the chapter Some unexpected findings in hadron and nuclear physics from TGD point of view or in the article with the same title.